Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Specialist

Women & Adolescents Gynecology Center

Barbara Grazette, MD

Gynecology & Women's Health located in Edina, MN

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the leading causes of infertility for women in the United States, and can also cause other painful and distressing symptoms. Barbara Grazette, MD, of Women & Adolescents Gynecology Center in Edina, Minnesota, is an experienced OB/GYN who provides outstanding treatment services for women with PCOS. If you know or simply suspect you may have polycystic ovarian syndrome, call the clinic today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Grazette, or book using the online tool.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Q&A

What is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a collection of symptoms that develop as a result of a combination of factors including:

  • Insulin resistance
  • Increased levels of androgen hormones
  • Irregular menstrual cycle

The precise cause of PCOS isn’t known, but women with the condition typically present with these factors.

What are the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome?

One of the key symptoms of PCOS is menstrual problems such as irregular, heavy, missing, or unpredictable periods. Other symptoms include:

  • Infertility
  • Obesity
  • Hirsutism (excess hair growth)
  • Severe acne
  • Oily skin
  • Acanthosis nigricans (patches of dark skin with a thick, velvety texture)

Although the name implies that women with PCOS have ovarian cysts, not all women with PCOS have these fluid-filled sacs in their ovaries.

What problems does PCOS cause?

High levels of androgens prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg every month, which can cause infertility. PCOS is one of the most frequently identified causes of infertility in women. Androgen excess also causes the growth of unwanted hair and the development of acne typically seen in women with PCOS.

Having irregular periods also contributes to infertility, and is the most likely reason for developing cysts in the ovaries. Many women with PCOS also have endometrial hyperplasia, a thickening of the uterine lining that increases your risk of endometrial cancer.

The insulin resistance that’s typical in PCOS patients increases your risk of developing heart disease, and you’re more likely to become diabetic in the future.

What treatments are available for PCOS?

At Women & Adolescents Gynecology Center, Dr. Grazette designs a treatment program based on your health, any underlying conditions, and whether you are hoping to become pregnant. Treatment options include:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Weight loss
  • Combined hormonal birth control pills
  • Insulin-sensitizing drugs

For women who wish to have a baby, fertility is the main concern, so the focus of treatment is on restoring fertility. Losing weight and using insulin-sensitizing drugs helps restore menstrual regularity and ovulation, and there are medications available to stimulate ovulation. Surgery is a possibility if other treatments do not work.

If you have any of the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome, or you’re having problems conceiving, schedule a consultation with Dr. Grazette so she can help restore your health and fertility. Call Women & Adolescents Gynecology Center today, or book an appointment online.